Don't forget Interviewing is an art and you are
there to sell yourself and the services that fit in the
requirement of the employer. When an employer is interviewing a
potential employee they are usually looking for Hard as well
Soft/behavioral skills that an employee can apply on the job.
The soft skills are not technical in nature related to the job ,
for which they are looking at the candidates. e.g. your
personality and how you will fit in with other co-workers etc.
They usually only have between 15 minutes to a half hour to try
to figure out that you are all about? The more you can sell
yourself in this time frame, the better your potential for being
INTERPERSONAL: Working with others. Participation as a member
of a team. Your contribution to a group effort. Teaching
others a new skill. Serving clients/customers. The ability to
work well to satisfy a customer's expectations. Exercising
leadership. The ability to communicate ideas to justify a
position, persuade and convince others, responsibly challenges
existing procedures and policies. The ability to negotiate by
working toward agreements involving exchange of resources
amicably to resolve divergent interests. To be able to work in
a diverse environment. To be able to work well with either men
or women from diverse backgrounds.
COMMUNICATION : It is very important to communicate
effectively .To communicate effectively the correctness of
grammar is very important.
INFORMATION: The skill to acquire and use information
effectively. The skill to acquire and evaluate, organize, arid
maintain, interpret and communicate information. The way one
uses a computer to process information.
The skill to understand complex interrelations. The ability to
understand systems, know how social, organizational, and
technological systems work and bow to effectively operate
them. To be able to monitor and correct performance based on
distinguishing trends, predicting impacts on system
operations, diagnosing systems/ performance and correcting
The skill to work with a variety of technology. The ability to
select appropriate technology by assessing procedures, tools
or equipment, including computers and related technologies. To
be able to apply the appropriate technology by understanding
the overall intent and proper procedure for setup and the
operation of the equipment. The ability to maintain and
troubleshoot equipment and technology in order to prevent,
identify, or solve problems with equipment, including
computers and other technologies.
Preparation for interview:
Preparing your responses can take on many forms. For some,
jotting down an outline may help in preparing; for others,
practicing verbal responses will be more effective. It is not
enough to simply read the questions; you should plan your
response. Preparing your responses can take on many forms. For
some, jotting down an outline may help in preparing; for others,
practicing verbal responses will be more effective. It is not
enough to simply read the questions; you should plan your
response. Mock interviews, conducted by the Executive Search
staff, are highly recommended as an effective means of
preparation. To schedule a videotaped mock interview, call
the Executive Search Executive.
Once you have
secured the interview, you should begin to focus on interview
preparation. Do not be fooled into thinking that you can simply
walk into an interview and answer a few questions. The employer
will often meet with several hundred candidates in order to find
5-7 potential employees. Your goal must be to demonstrate your
interest and qualifications for the position. Preparation is
have many expectations of you as a candidate for potential hire.
You must know general information about the position for which
you are interviewing. You must also be able to articulate your
qualifications and interest. In addition, the employer expects
for you to have researched his/her organization and understand
the nature of the organization.
research and practice, interviewing skills can be perfected. It
is a widely known fact that the best candidate does not always
get the job. Many qualified candidates are passed over due to
lack of interview preparation or an inability to articulate,
"fit" for the position. Once you arrive at the interview stage,
it is your ability to sell yourself that will help ensure a job
offer. The following suggestions outline proven methods of
enhancing your interviewing skills and improving your
opportunities of employment.
Analyze the position for which you intend to work:
are able to convince an employer that you want to be an
employee, it is important that you understand what is the job
profile To gather this important information, you may start with
research. This basic research will prove valuable as you prepare
to demonstrate a match between your credentials and the position
for which you are interviewing. You can speak to your colleagues
or seniors, who are in the same company or similar industry.
Research the Organization:
To begin, you
must research the company or agency to determine the nature of
the organization. The more that you know about the employer, the
more comfortable you will feel in the interview. A demonstrated
knowledge of the organization will also help convince the
interviewer of your interest. In order to ascertain sincere
interest, many interviewers will begin the process with a
question such as, "Why are you interested in our organization?"
or "Tell me what you know about our company." This is certainly
not a question that you can "bluff" your way through. It is a
mistake to assume you know enough about the organization without
conducting any research. Only through research will you be able
to answer the question with confidence. For example, you may
know that Ranbaxy makes drugs for humans , but the company also
makes drugs for animals and have worldwide presence.
your research, you should become familiar with:
Type of organization and its function.
Vision, mission and goals.
Products or services.
Divisions and subsidiaries.
Position description and career paths.
Sales and earnings.
Location, including international operations.
New trends in the industry.
Sources of Information:
There are a
variety of resources that can be used to research organizations.
Today all the good companies have their web site, which provide
all the relevant information. You must visit the site of one of
the competitors as well.
consider articles from trade publications, generally available
through various sites of newspapers.
Market Your Skills:
have analyzed the position and researched the organization, you
are now in a position to review your qualifications for the
position. Knowing what you have to offer is crucial. Expressing
yourself clearly and concisely is a key element of effective
interviewing. Self-assessment of your skills, interests, and
work values will help you organize your thoughts in order to
project a positive impression. A thorough self-assessment should
enable you to:
Summarize your educational experiences as it relates to the
position for which you are interviewing
Articulate your related skills and abilities
Cite examples of how you developed/used particular skills
Know your personal strengths and weaknesses
Discuss your work and curricular experiences in detail
Talk about your career goals and objectives
Know where you want to work
Identify any problem areas in your background and be prepared to
Discuss variables you are willing to negotiate (e.g. salary for
First Impression is the Effective Impression:
You will not
get a second chance to make a first impression when it comes to
interviews. Your nonverbal skills and the manner in which you
present yourself will be evaluated in addition to your verbal
responses to interview questions.
Be sure to
arrive for your interview 10-15 minutes early. This will provide
you with time to get used to ambience, to check your appearance
and collect your thoughts prior to the interview. Be sure to
greet the receptionist, secretary or others in the office in a
friendly and courteous manner. These employees often have some
influence in the hiring process.
As you are
waiting on the interviewer to greet you, be sure to position
yourself so that you have a good view of the hall or reception
area from which you expect the employer to enter. You do not
want to have your back facing the employer when he/she enters
the room. When the employer greets you, be sure to stand and
offer a firm handshake. Look the employer in the eyes and offer
a return greeting similar to, "Nice to meet you." If the
employer mispronounces your name, clearly state your name as you
shake his/her hand. The only thing that you should be carrying
is a portfolio with paper and pen. You are always encouraged to
take an extra copy of your resume with you for all interviews.
For on-site interviews, women may also carry a small,
professional looking purse.
As you enter
the interview room, wait for the employer to indicate where you
should be seated. After the employer is seated, it is your cue
to also take a seat. During the interview, remember to practice
good nonverbal skills:
up straight with your shoulders back and hands resting in your
lap. Never cross your finger and hands, as it indicates that you
lack confidence and keeping things to the chest.
Place both feet on the floor
Maintain eye contact to demonstrate interest and enthusiasm
limited hand gestures to emphasize key points
aware of nervous movements such as tapping of your foot or
playing with a ring
to smile when responding to questions (when appropriate); a
smile will indicate confidence and enthusiasm
Try to relax; you will find that you are better able to respond
to questions if you simply relax a little.
The way in
which you dress for your interview will tell the employer about
your professional savvy and, in some cases, will be one of the
factors an employer will take into account in evaluating you as
a candidate. Also, by dressing professionally, you will appear
more mature and seasoned; this will aid you as you may be
competing with older individuals with more experience.
Understand that you will probably dress more professionally for
an interview than may be required once you begin working in that
environment. Appropriate interview attire will vary by field.
Contact Executive Search for discussing individual situation
Two-piece business suit (navy or other dark color)
Consistent look: avoid wearing a business suit with sandals or
Well-groomed hair: avoid unusual styles or colors
Minimal cologne or perfume
visible body art: cover tattoos with clothing if possible
Breath mints, use one before greeting the recruiter
visible body piercing (other than earrings for women)
off-white, or neutral-colored blouse with a conservative
salawar kameez or saree is the right fit
fitting (short, tight, clingy, or slit) skirts
open-toe strappy high heels, sandals, or shoes with decorations.
nail polish, avoid unusual colors, e.g., blue or green
earrings instead of dangling or oversized earrings
pulled back in a neat, simple style. No "big hair" or elaborate
shirt in white or light blue
necktie in terms of color and pattern. Avoid cartoon characters,
less-than-serious graphics, or theme ties
dark socks. Avoid light colored socks with a dark suit
Business-style leather shoes
and belt color. Do not mix black and brown.
portfolio, no backpack
Shake hands firmly.
Look the employer in the eye when you are talking.
Speak clearly, don't mumble.
you need time to think before answering, take time. Stick to the
subject at hand, which are the job and your skills related to
the employer's name, pronounce it correctly.
Don't fidget in your seat and otherwise show nervousness with
Don't take notes during the interview
Don't complain about a former boss or co-worker. By complaining
in this way, you're likely to make the employer think that you
are hard to get along with.
Don't ask about salaries, sick leaves, pensions, vacations, or
benefits on the first interview.
Don't exaggerate, state the facts.
If you have
specific qualifications for a job, be sure the employer knows
about them. No one knows what you can do unless you tell him or
school subjects and hobbies that you have done well in and which
are related to the job for which you are applying.
may be interested in everything you can do, but will be most
interested in your skills that relate to the job for which you
when you don't understand what the employer is talking about.
You'll want to know as much about the job as you can and asking
questions is the best way to find out.
interviewer will close when he or she has enough information -
don't try to extend the interview unless you have an important
point which has not been covered-then cover it, but make it
leaving the interview (assuming you want the position), let the
employer know that you really want the job. By doing this, the
employer will feel that you will work hard and that you will
want to stay on the job.
The Interview Process:
interview you will encounter is called a screening interview. It
may take place on campus (through the On-campus Interview
Program), at a job fair, or at the employer's office. This type
of interview generally lasts 30 minutes to one hour. The purpose
of the screening interview is to separate unqualified applicants
from qualified ones. An invitation for a second interview may be
offered in a few days from the screening interview or it may
take up to four weeks. Usually, only a small percentage of
candidates will be invited back for the second interview.
interview is an in-depth interview conducted at the site of the
organization. It may last anywhere from one hour to two days.
Some employers may even call you back three or four times before
making a decision regarding your candidacy.
research, you should be able to identify three to five skills
that you believe the employer will seek in a successful
candidate. With this in mind, carefully consider your background
and qualifications. Be prepared to discuss examples of these
skills by describing specific experiences and accomplishments
from your past. Do not assume that the interviewer will
appreciate your qualifications by reading your resume. It is up
to you to demonstrate enthusiasm and "fit" for the position.
carefully prepared for this moment, you should approach the
interview with confidence. Each interview will be different;
some interviews will be very structured and formal while others
may be casual and informal. Interviewing styles will vary. Do
not become overly concerned if the person who is interviewing
you asks difficult questions; try to remain calm and respond to
all questions in a positive manner.
generally consists of five interrelated stages: introduction and
icebreaker; verifying information and asking questions;
responding to your questions; closing the interview and
stage is a basic introduction and "ice breaker". The interviewer
will try to establish rapport with you by talking about an
unrelated topic such as the weather. Keep all of your comments
positive, even if the weather is terrible that day; the employer
will have concerns if you start off complaining about small,
After a few
minutes of introduction, the employer will begin asking
questions and verifying information from your resume. As each
question is posed, take a moment to consider your answer. Try
not to look up at the ceiling or down at the floor as you
consider your reply. Start your response in a positive note; be
careful not to start with "um" or another verbal filler. Be sure
to provide specific examples of accomplishments to demonstrate
in first person when describing the situation. Whenever
possible, try to articulate the value of the experience in terms
of how the experience has prepared you for the position for
which you are interviewing. Do not be overly concerned if the
interviewer is taking notes during the interview process. Keep
your composure and try to keep your eyes level so that when the
employer looks up, you will have eye contact.
following this stage, the employer will ask for your questions.
Again, this is an important part of the process as it provides
an opportunity for you to demonstrate your research and
interest. Before each interview, you should carefully prepare
two or three questions based on your research. This is not the
time to ask questions concerning salary or benefits. You may ask
about trends in the field or ask for clarification on
information that you have read. If you do not have any questions
for the employer, he/she may think that you are not interested.
Following your questions, you may take a minute to summarize
your interests and qualifications. For example, you may say, "At
this time, I have no further questions, however I would like for
you to know that I am interested in this position and hope that
I have been able to demonstrate my qualifications and enthusiasm
for your company during this meeting."
stage of the interview process is the closing, which is
initiated by the interviewer. A seasoned interviewer will
explain the decision making process and provide information
concerning future steps in the process. If the interviewer does
not specifically state this information, it is appropriate for
you to ask about follow-up procedures. Be sure to ask the
interviewer for his/her business card; this information will be
helpful as you prepare your thank you letter.
interview, the employer will assess your qualifications and
determine "fit" between you and the position. This is also a
time for you to evaluate your interest in the position.
Immediately following your interview, take time to write down
questions you were asked, general impressions, and questions
that you may now have as result of the interview. Also, evaluate
your interviewing skills and consider ways you can improve for
your next interview. Remember to send a thank you letter to the
employer within 24 hours after your interview.
The Second round of Interview:
employment offers are made after a screening interview. Before
an offer is extended, an employer will generally require a
second interview. Being invited for a second interview indicates
that the employer has sincere interest in you as a candidate;
however, it does not mean that a job offer is pending. Again, it
is your responsibility to prepare for the interview and do your
best to market your skills and abilities. Before accepting the
invitation, carefully assess your interest in the organization.
Only accept an invitation for a second interview if you have an
interest in the organization.
interview may last from one hour to two full days; the most
typical interviews last from four to six hours. If the interview
is within driving distance, be sure to confirm directions and
parking instructions. If your second interview necessitates long
distance travel, a company representative will generally make
airline and hotel arrangements for you. Be sure to ask this
representative if other expenses, such as meals, will be prepaid
or if you should plan on paying for these expenses and
interview, you should receive a schedule which includes the
names and titles of the people with whom you will meet. If you
do not receive a schedule, you should call and ask for this
information. Be sure to know the name of the person for whom you
should ask when you arrive on site. Plan to arrive 15 minutes
early so you can check your appearance and collect your thoughts
prior to the start of your interviews. As always, politely greet
the receptionist or others you may meet while waiting on your
the course of the day, you may meet with a number of different
employees. Pay close attention to their names and titles. A
title may help you understand the type of response that
particular individual is seeking. For example, if the
interviewer is a manager, he/she may be looking at work ethic as
well as general knowledge; if the interviewer is a potential
colleague, he/she may be looking for someone who is a team
player; if the interviewer is the financial manager of the
organization, his/her questions will probably center on your
knowledge and experience in budgeting and finance.
prepare for the second interview just as you prepared for the
screening interview: thoroughly review your research on the
organization, gathering additional information if possible, and
be prepared to demonstrate a match between your qualifications
and the position. Good communication skills are very important
at this stage.
was wonderful (you thought) and the interviewer said she would
get in touch with you (but that was four weeks ago) and you are
going crazy! Waiting can cause stress and anguish. You need to
remember that no one makes you wait without a reason. Before you
panic, try to recall if the interviewer indicated the time frame
for selection. It may be weeks or a month before an employer is
able to get back with you regarding a decision. If you do not
hear from the interviewer in the time frame discussed (always
allowing a few extra days), follow up with a phone call to
inquire about the status of your application.
reasons for a delay in response from an employer include:
are on a second list and the employer is still following up with
the first list. Depending on the percentage of acceptances
from the first list, the employer may invite you for a second
employer is interviewing all possible sources and it is taking
longer than anticipated.
Office emergencies, that have nothing to do with you, are
requiring immediate attention.
If you have
any questions about the "right" thing to do or if you are
feeling anxious, talk with Executive Search Executive.
Sample Interview Questions:
your greatest strength?
Tip: This is
a great question to show your employability. Talk about being a
team member, being able to research and organize information,
being able to use various computer software etc.
your greatest weakness?
choose a weakness that you are striving to improve or a weakness
that can also be a strength. (Ex. I am emotional, Or, I am a
perfectionist, which at times may bother people who work for me
but I feel nothing should leave this office until it is perfect
since it is a direct reflection of the quality of our work.)
If you and
all the other potential employees had the same background in
education and experience what would make me hire you over the
employer wants proof that you are the best potential employee.
(Ex. I know how an organization such as your works. I understand
the right procedures and paths to follow to get the work
accomplished efficiently and professionally. I am also a team
player who can work well with all personalities and use these
unique personalities to get the best results.)
If you were
hiring somebody for this position, what qualities would you
that can communicate well and work both as an individual
and as part of a team. Someone that understands how this
organization works and how to get the best results the quickest
way. Someone who is up to date on technology, that knows what
software would help this company to attain its goals
more comfortable working as a part of a team or individually?
honest. If you are a person who would rather work alone and you
get frustrated when you have to rely on a team to get results,
then you do not want a position that requires you to be a part
of a team that always works together. You will very quickly
become frustrated and unhappy in your job. Many companies want
team players, so if you are comfortable working both as an
individual and as part of a team, now is a good time to state
Why are you
leaving your current Job?
positive, even if you're leaving a negative situation. Employers
are looking for employees with good attitudes even when working
in bad situations. Complaining about your past employer will not
win over a new employer. (Ex. "I am looking for a company that
will give me the opportunity for better personal growth." This
is much better then saying, "My current employer does not know
how to properly treat people, and he is unfair and terrible to
about a situation where something went very wrong and how you
handled the situation?
Employers want to see that you can take a bad situation and turn
it around into a positive situation. (Ex. When I was waiter, a
customer became very angry when I served him the wrong item, I
had keyed in the wrong item on the computer. I quickly
apologized and took the item back and put in a rush order for
the proper item. Then I took permission from my manager if I
could offer this couple either free drinks or dessert. So 1 went
back to the table with his new order and told them because of my
mistake, I would like to offer them either a free after dinner
drink or free dessert. They were very pleased with this service
and have returned to the restaurant quite often after this
in all your answers. Promote your skills. Watch your body
language. Interviewers are looking at body language while you
are in an interview. If you are slouching, swinging your legs
and playing with your hair, it will give the interviewer the
feeling you are not a self-confident person. You always want to
sit straight up, pay attention and make sure you are not doing
any nervous gestures.
Always send a
thank you note immediately following your interview. This shows
good business etiquette and that you are very interested in the
prospective job. The letter should thank the employer for taking
the time to meet with you. You should again state why you are
the person for the position by stating some of your skills and
accomplishments. Tell them again how interested you are in the
position and tell them you will be pleased to supply them with
any further information they may be needing.
address of the employer
Thank you for
the opportunity to discuss your opening for the position in
Marketing. I enjoyed meeting with you and learning more about
I believe my
internship with ABC Company and my educational background in
Marketing, Business Administration and Science qualify me for
the position. My experience in using my marketing,
communication, and research skills during my internship would
help me get a fast start Marketing Manager with your company.
I was very
impressed with ABC (name of the company) commitment to giving
its customers individualized attention. I feel this is the only
way to maintain customer relationships and to build future
forward to hearing from you by the end of the month. In the
interim, please call me if there is any additional information I
can provide to help you in your decision.
To acquire the above art of interviewing ,and various types of
interviews, which can be an asset for your whole carrier, please
contact Executive Search Executive immediately.